As the largest city in Northwestern Ontario, Thunder Bay is the region's commercial, administrative and medical centre.
Many of the city's largest single employers are in the public sector. The grain trade has declined because of the loss of grain transportation subsidies and the loss of European markets. The gradual transition from shipping by train and boat to shipping by truck, and the Canada—United States Free Trade Agreement have ended Thunder Bay's privileged position as a linchpin in Canadian east—west freight-handling trade. However, in recent years shipments through the port of Thunder Bay have stabilized, and remains an important part of the Saint Lawrence Seaway.
In an effort to rejuvenate its economy, the city has been actively working to attract quaternary or "knowledge-based" industries, primarily in the fields of molecular medicine and genomics.
Thunder Bay receives air, rail and shipping traffic due to its prime location along major continental transportation routes. The municipally owned Thunder Bay Transit operates 17 routes across the city's urban area. The city is served by the Thunder Bay International Airport , the fourth busiest airport in Ontario by aircraft movements. The city is an important railway hub, served by both the Canadian National and Canadian Pacific Railway.
Passenger rail service to Thunder Bay ended on 15 January , with the cancellation of Via Rail 's southern transcontinental service. The Port of Thunder Bay is the largest outbound port on the St.
Lawrence Seaway System ,  and the sixth-largest port in Canada. Other health care services include the St. Joseph's Hospital, and Hogarth Riverview Manor. The city is also home to a variety of smaller medical and dental clinics. According to the Census , there were , people residing in Thunder Bay on 10 May , of whom Residents 19 years of age or younger accounted for approximately People aged by 20 and 39 years accounted for The average age of a Thunder Bayer in May was Between the censuses of and , Thunder Bay's population decreased by 0.
The population density of the city of Thunder Bay averaged The total population has been stagnant or declining since amalgamation in According to the census, Thunder Bay was home to 13, people of Finnish descent,  the highest concentration of people of Finnish origin per capita in Canada.
Thunder Bay has a large Aboriginal population representing Thunder Bay's main tourist attraction is Fort William Historical Park , a reconstruction of the North West Company 's Fort William fur trade post as it was in , which attracts , visitors annually. The marina, known as Prince Arthur's landing also includes recreational trails along the lake, playground, harbour cruises, helicopter tours, the Alexander Henry a retired Canadian Coast Guard icebreake , splash pad summer , skating rink winter , and art gallery, gift shop, numerous restaurants, and a newly opened Delta Hotel and conference centre.
There are several small surface amethyst mines in the area, some of which allow visitors to search for their own crystals. Other tourists attractions are listed below:. Thunder Bay has 38 elementary schools , three middle schools , eight secondary schools , two private schools , and an adult education facility.
The city also has several other private for-profit colleges and tutoring programmes. The Lakehead District School Board is the largest school board in the city, with 22 elementary schools, 3 high schools and a centre for adult studies. The Thunder Bay Catholic District School Board is the second largest, with 16 elementary schools, three middle schools and two high schools.
Shags, a combination shower and stag held to celebrate the engagement of a couple,  and Persians , a cinnamon bun pastry with pink icing, originated in the city.
Thunder Bay is home to a variety of music and performance arts venues. The Thunder Bay Symphony Orchestra , founded in , is the only professional orchestra between Winnipeg and Toronto, and has 31 full-time and up to 30 extra musicians presenting a full range of classical music.
The Thunder Bay Community Auditorium , which seats , is the primary venue for various types of entertainment. The Vox Popular Media Arts Festival , established in , is an independent film festival that features local, national, and international films with the theme of "Films for the People.
Established in , the NOSFA features monthly screenings of international and Canadian films at the Cumberland Cinema Centre, and organized the annual Northwest Film Fest film festival that attracts several thousand patrons. Its mission is "to encourage and promote the development of the writers and literature of Northwestern Ontario".
NOWW also hosts an annual LitFest in May which includes an awards presentation to the winners of its international annual writing contest. The Thunder Bay Art Gallery , which was founded in , specializes in the works of First Nations artists, having a collection of national significance.
The Thunder Bay Historical Museum Society, founded in , presents local and traveling exhibitions and houses an impressive collection of artifacts, photographs, paintings, documents and maps in its archives.
Thunder Bay has many places of worship supported by people of a variety of faiths, reflecting the cultural diversity of the population. Thunder Bay's proximity to the wilderness of the Boreal Forest and the rolling hills and mountains of the Canadian Shield allow its residents to enjoy very active lifestyles. Thunder Bay enjoys many recreational facilities. The city operates fifteen neighbourhood community centres, which offer various sporting and fitness facilities as well as seasonal activities such as dances.
Detroit Free Press. July 18, Retrieved January 19, — via Newspapers. The News-Palladium. Benton Harbor, MI. Associated Press. May 17, November ABA Journal. Retrieved June 10, — via Google Books. American Bar Association Journal. Retrieved February 24, January 6, Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved November 22, Archived from the original on January 24, The New York Times. American Film Institute. June 17, Archived from the original on June 19, Retrieved June 18, Retrieved June 30, History of Film Music.
Cambridge University Press. Archived from the original on September 9, Retrieved May 14, Retrieved May 17, New York: Samuel French. Retrieved April 5, Retrieved February 3, Retrieved January 4, Baulch, Vivian M. The Detroit News. Archived from the original on January 2, Kansas City: Andrews and McMeel. Bergman, Shirley J. The historical park is now home to one of the largest amphitheatres in the country. Enjoy spectacular views of Thunder Bay from the Terry Fox Memorial and Lookout, which is located on the outskirts of the city.
The monument sits in a park overlooking Highway 17and the city. The Terry Fox Memorial was created to mark the spot where the famous athlete ended his run. It has since been moved to its current location, around four kilometres away. The monument depicts Terry Fox atop a pedestal that lists all of the places he passed through on his cross-country run.
There is also a tourist information centre onsite. The massive green area is a great place to go to get away from it all and enjoy the scenery.
It also features a conservation area Cascades Conservation Area with hiking trails and beautiful landscapes. As well, there is also a sandy beach, a playground and picnic tables at the Boulevard Lake Park. The 40 metres cascading Kakabeka Falls is truly a place to be completely lost in the beauty of it all.
The waterfall is located 30 kilometres west of Thunder Bay on the Kaministiquia River. The rock that faces the falls features some of the oldest fossils in existence today, dating back some 1. As a result of the rocks sensitivity, there is no entrance to the gorge beneath the falls. Downtown Thunder Bay South; also known as the South Core, is the centre of the city and a great place to explore.
It is centred on Victoriaville Civic Centre and is home to a number of landmarks. Many government buildings are located here, as are major employers.
But it is also an area of arts and culture, being home to numerous cultural attractions like the Brodie Street Art Gallery and the Thunder Bay Public Library. Dinner Favorites Bruschetta 9. Ala Carte Hash Brown Casserole 4. Biscuits And Gravy 1 Full Biscuit 5.
Filet Mignon Tenderloin 6oz 31 10oz Appetizers Fried Cheese Curds 9. For Life. Thunder Bay video goes viral Local cinematographer's aerial view of Thunder Bay has been seen more than , times on social media in less than two weeks.
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Retrieved 25 April Popular homes in Thunder Bay, Thunder Bay. Biegler, who is losing the case, tries to persuade Pilant that Al Paquette Murray Hamiltonthe bartender who witnessed the murder, may know if Quill admitted to him of raping Laura but Paquette is covering Thunder Bay up, either because he loves Pilant or out of loyalty to Quill. May 17, Retrieved June 30, Sangria Berry Sangria 7. A vacation in Thunder Bay is about immersing yourself in Thunder Bay splendor. Valhalla Inn.
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