One year later, Darkwing Duck was also added to this lineup. However, the show's theme song written by Mark Mueller and originally sung by Jeff Pescetto remained in English for a number of episodes. The first Russian version of the song was replaced midway through the series with an alternate rendition that contained completely different lyrics. The series aired in India on Doordarshan, dubbed in Hindi. The title track was sung in Hindi by Chetan Shasital. The features were dubbed and the episodes has voice cast of Chetan Shasital, Javed Jaffery, Rakshanda Khan and others.
In many countries, the theme song was performed by well-known singers like in Finland, where it was sung by Pave Maijanen, or in Germany, where it was sung by Thomas Anders in English. Scrooge McDuck is called "Rico McPato" and the nephews were translated as Hugo, Paco, and Luis, keeping the names of the translated vintage cartoons and comic books.
Scrooge's last name Picsou comes from a french expression Pique-Sou putting an emphasis around Scrooge's stingy behavior. This was the generation's first encounter with politics. Only the episodes were dubbed and aired.
The intro song was performed by a winner from Mamaia Festival, Alin Cibian. Film noir BigComboTrailer. The film's cinematographer was John Alton, the creator of many of film noir's stylized images. Hollywood's classical film noir period is generally regarded as extending from the early s to the late s.
Film noir of this era is associated with a low-key, black-and-white visual style that has roots in German Expressionist cinematography. Many of the prototypical stories and much of the attitude of classic noir derive from the hardboiled school of crime fiction that emerged in the United States during the Great Depression.
The term film noir, French for "black film" literal or "dark film" closer meaning , was first applied to Hollywood films by French critic Nino Frank in , but was unrecognized by most American film industry professionals of that era.
Before the notion was widely adopted in the s, many of the classic film noir[a] were referred to as "melodramas". Whether film noir qualifies as a distinct genre is a matter of ongoing debate among scholars.
Film noir encompasses a range of plots: the central figure may be a private investigator The Big Sleep , a plainclothes policeman The Big Heat , an aging boxer The Set-Up , a hapless grifter Night and the City , a law-abiding citizen lured into a life of crime Gun Crazy , or simply a victim of circumstance D. Although film noir was originally associated with American productions, the term has been used to describe films from around the world. Many films released from the s onward share attributes with film noirs of the classical period, and often treat its conventions self-referentially.
Some refer to such latter-day works as neo-noir. Contents 1 Problems of definition 2 Background 2. Though film noir is often identified with a visual style, unconventional within a Hollywood context, that emphasizes low-key lighting and unbalanced compositions, films commonly identified as noir evidence a variety of visual approaches, including ones that fit comfortably within the Hollywood mainstream.
While many critics refer to film noir as a genre itself, others argue that it can be no such thing. Hirsch, as one who has taken the position that film noir is a genre, argues that these elements are present "in abundance". Hirsch notes that there are unifying features of tone, visual style and narrative sufficient to classify noir as a distinct genre. Others argue that film noir is not a genre.
Film noir is often associated with an urban setting, but many classic noirs take place in small towns, suburbia, rural areas, or on the open road; setting, therefore, cannot be its genre determinant, as with the Western. Similarly, while the private eye and the femme fatale are character types conventionally identified with noir, the majority of film noirs feature neither; so there is no character basis for genre designation as with the gangster film.
Nor does film noir rely on anything as evident as the monstrous or supernatural elements of the horror film, the speculative leaps of the science fiction film, or the song-and-dance routines of the musical. An analogous case is that of the screwball comedy, widely accepted by film historians as constituting a "genre": the screwball is defined not by a fundamental attribute, but by a general disposition and a group of elements, some—but rarely and perhaps never all—of which are found in each of the genre's films.
Marlene Dietrich, an actress frequently called upon to play a femme fatale The aesthetics of film noir are influenced by German Expressionism, an artistic movement of the s and s that involved theater, photography, painting, sculpture and architecture, as well as cinema. The opportunities offered by the booming Hollywood film industry and then the threat of Nazism, led to the emigration of many film artists working in Germany who had been involved in the Expressionist movement or studied with its practitioners.
By , Curtiz had already been in Hollywood for half a decade, making as many as six films a year. Movies of his such as 20, Years in Sing Sing and Private Detective 62 are among the early Hollywood sound films arguably classifiable as noir—scholar Marc Vernet offers the latter as evidence that dating the initiation of film noir to or any other year is "arbitrary". Edeson later photographed The Maltese Falcon , widely regarded as the first major film noir of the classic era.
Josef von Sternberg was directing in Hollywood during the same period. Films of his such as Shanghai Express and The Devil Is a Woman , with their hothouse eroticism and baroque visual style, anticipated central elements of classic noir. The commercial and critical success of Sternberg's silent Underworld was largely responsible for spurring a trend of Hollywood gangster films.
Its visual intricacy and complex, voiceover narrative structure are echoed in dozens of classic film noirs. Italian neorealism of the s, with its emphasis on quasi-documentary authenticity, was an acknowledged influence on trends that emerged in American noir.
The Lost Weekend , directed by Billy Wilder, another Vienna-born, Berlin-trained American auteur, tells the story of an alcoholic in a manner evocative of neorealism. This semidocumentary approach characterized a substantial number of noirs in the late s and early s. Along with neorealism, the style had an American precedent cited by Dassin, in director Henry Hathaway's The House on 92nd Street , which demonstrated the parallel influence of the cinematic newsreel.
Literary sources Magazine cover with illustration of a terrified-looking, red-haired young woman gagged and bound to a post.
She is wearing a low-cut, arm-bearing yellow top and a red skirt. In front of her, a man with a large scar on his cheek and a furious expression heats a branding iron over a gas stove. In the background, a man wearing a trenchcoat and fedora and holding a revolver enters through a doorway. The text includes the tagline "Smashing Detective Stories" and the cover story's title, "Finger Man". The October issue of Black Mask featured the first appearance of the detective character whom Raymond Chandler developed into the famous Philip Marlowe.
A decade before the classic era, a story by Hammett was the source for the gangster melodrama City Streets , directed by Rouben Mamoulian and photographed by Lee Garmes, who worked regularly with Sternberg. Released the month before Lang's M, City Streets has a claim to being the first major film noir; both its style and story had many noir characteristics.
Raymond Chandler, who debuted as a novelist with The Big Sleep in , soon became the most famous author of the hardboiled school. Where Chandler, like Hammett, centered most of his novels and stories on the character of the private eye, Cain featured less heroic protagonists and focused more on psychological exposition than on crime solving; the Cain approach has come to be identified with a subset of the hardboiled genre dubbed "noir fiction".
Top Songs. Touch, Peel And Stand. Shelf In The Room. The Down Town. Face Of The Earth. Main Releases. This post may contain affiliate links. Read our disclosure policy. Cute Love Notes Ready for a fun, affordable way to express love and appreciation? HERE is the one we used. Cut out each love letter and fill in each prompt. Fold or roll up each paper to fit inside the spaces of your pillbox. Add some candies to each space and close each tab.
If you want to cover the words on top of your box, cut out the labels with scissors or a circle punch, then tape or glue them over the words. Cut out the poem and attach it to your box with some twine. Ready to Make Your Own? Busy moms, this one is for YOU! Adapted for stage and screen several times over the past century, French author Francois Choderlos de Laclos' novel Les Liasons Dangeureuses was the basis for this Academy Award-winning Stephen Frears film.
It revolved around the plot, it didn't stray too far off, and the cinematography was simply breath-taking. Ten individuals set out to find themselves in an alienating world, filled with heartbreak, deception and tragedy. In 18th century France, Marquise de Merteuil asks her ex-lover Vicomte de Valmont to seduce the future wife of another ex-lover of hers in return for one last night with her.
Dangerous Liaisons has a very particular rhythm which moves like a mathematical calculation. With so much at stake, these strangers struggle to overcome their fates and…,The wife of a Marine serving in Vietnam, Sally Hyde Jane Fonda decides to volunteer at a local veterans hospital to occupy her time. There she meets Luke Martin Jon…. Big Sur is a film adaptation of the Jack Kerouac autobiographical novel of the same name. A strict female CEO of an insurance company has already given up on love and believes that only the love towards a child is true and eternal.
Josh Walker. Better Days J. Joey Affatato. Go Back To Go Forward. MidwayUSA is a privately held American retailer of various hunting and outdoor-related products. Touch, Peel And Stand. Narrative Album) sometimes involved convoluted flashbacks uncommon in non-noir commercial productions. The first was released on November 8, containing episodes 1—27the second on November 14, containing episodes 28—51 and the third volume on November 13, containing episodes 52— Dangerous Liaisons.
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